Wednesday, June 24, 2020

Nursing Leadership Responsibilities in the Clinical Setting - 275 Words

Nursing Leadership & Responsibilities in the Clinical Setting (Essay Sample) Content: Evidence-Based PracticeNameInstitution Evidence-Based PracticeHealth care managers and executives can create an environment for the implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) in health care institutions. The primary role of the managers is the availing the resources and systems for the implementation of EBP (Hockenberry et al., 2008). The provision of resources is not limited to library materials, articles and databases touching on various aspects of EBP. The managers can create a learning organization where the registered nurses undergo training on EBP. The nurses become knowledgeable and develop new insights into EBP. Further, the managers should create and sustain trust on the registered nurses. The presence of trust will motivate the nurses to adopt the EBP concept with the belief that the managers have their interest at heart.Improving communication within the systems of a health care institution may favor the implementation of the EBP in the organization (R izzo, 2013). The communication allows for inter-professional collaboration so that all the activities of the care providers are in tandem with the concept. Different communication modes should be adopted to cater for the diversities in the organization. In the spirit of EBP, organizations should shift towards customization of services on a case by case basis rather than a generalization.Limited time, lack of staff and inadequate resources are th...

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Literature Review Employee Retention - 1187 Words

Literature Review Employee retention Employee retention has become a serious and confusing problem for all types of organizations. Managing retention and keeping the turnover rate below target and industry norms is one of the most challenging issues that face businesses. From all indications, the issue will compound in the future, even as economic conditions change. Employee retention will continue to be an important issue for most job group in the first decade of the 21st century. In hospitality industry, employee retention is the most important target for the hotels because hiring qualified employees is essential for hotels but their retention is more important than hiring, because a huge amount of money is spent on the orientation and training of the newly hired employees. Employee retention is the existence of an ongoing employment relationship. The retention of employees has become a leading challenge faced by many organizations worldwide. Consequences such as the high cost of recruitment and selection, the possible loss of productivity during the adjustment period, the probable loss of business opportunities, poor customer rapports as well as the hidden cost of lost productivity have drawn organizations attention to the magnitude of retention. Maintaining a stable workforce is one of the key sources of sustainable competitive advantage for organizations. Retaining employees is cheaper than recruiting replacements. Retention is a complex concept and there isShow MoreRelatedEvaluation Of The Employee Retention Rate At The Greater Minneapolis Crisis Nursery1496 Words   |  6 PagesBeckenbach, WRIT 3140 Student DATE: October 15, 2016 SUBJECT: Literature Review Defining the Problem Last week you asked me to give you a detailed report of the employee retention rate at the Greater Minneapolis Crisis Nursery as well as the retention rate at similar organizations across the nation. As you know, the Greater Minneapolis Crisis Nursery’s employee retention has been an on going problem for the Nursery. With the employee turnover rate averaging as a high as 84% in Children’s ServicesRead MoreLeadership Styles And Staff Retention1156 Words   |  5 Pages1.0 Title The working title of this research is initially drafted as – Leadership Styles and Staff Retention: How leadership styles affect staff retention? 2.0 Background of the Study Leadership is an incremental component that centers the existence, survival and functioning of any group or organisation. Indeed, the organisations recognise that their success is highly-dependent upon the quality and effectiveness of this dimension. There are two main functions that leaders are bounded to performRead MoreEmployee s Lack Of Job Satisfaction Essay1637 Words   |  7 PagesA hole is left the absence of an employee either by termination or quitting by choice (Kaur Vijay, 2016). High employee turnover leaves more holes the employer has to address and becomes expensive (Likhitkar Verma, 2015). An average cost of $3, 328 to search, hire and train the replacement for a $10 per hour employee (Sadler Evans, 2016). A median turnover rate of 67% for part-time employees is roughly half of the cost if not more (Oviedo-Garcia Vega-Vazquez, 2014). Most companies areRead MoreLiterature Review. While There Has Been Research In Subjects1028 Words   |  5 PagesLiterature Re view While there has been research in subjects dealing with turnover, things such as organizational strategies have not been studied much. Davis (2013) has stated that there is little research on the strategies employers do to minimize turnover. There have been different studies that have researched different factors in employee turnover and satisfaction. Studies have been done on the retention and turnover of older workers (Armstrong-Stassen Ursel, 2009), developing retention policiesRead MoreThe Demand For Health Care Personnel And The Supply Of Their Services1323 Words   |  6 Pagestoo. According to the Joint Learning Initiatives Report by the Global Health Trust, â€Å"The heart of the health system in any country† lies in its human resources, the health care worker. Additional ways healthcare human resources are referred to in literature is â€Å"the most important aspect of health care systems†, as well as â€Å"a critical component in healthcare policies†. All these definitions go to show how much importance is placed on human capital in the healthcare industry. In fact, there exists anRead MoreRecruitment And Retention Of Nurses1404 Words   |  6 PagesRecruitment and Retention in Nursing As the forthcoming nursing shortage threatens the United States, organizations must be knowledgeable in the recruitment and retention of nurses. The challenge facing health care organizations will be to retain sufficient numbers of nurses to provide safe, efficient, quality of care to patients. Also, organizations will look to recruit and attract quality nurses to fill vacancies left open by staff who left the profession due to burning out. Turnover in NursingRead MoreNursing and The Organizational Culture of Human Resource Management1495 Words   |  6 Pagesbeen prior studies that have linked organizational culture to the decrease in nurse turnover rate and the increase of nurse retention. It is important that there is an adequate nursing workforce supply in order to achieve quality patient care. Nurse managers play a pivotal role in the organizational culture with in their unit of division. This article provides a literature review of organizational culture and its link to n ursing and the health care profession as a whole. I. Introduction PeopleRead MoreTopic:. How Do Leadership Styles Influence On The Employee856 Words   |  4 PagesTopic: How do leadership styles influence on the employee retention of the organisations in major U.K. airline industry? Background: The rapid change of the world economy has led to grate pressure downward on travel require, increase on fuel prices, stimulated from the expansion of low-cost carrier company, and increased competition, all of them cause many challenges for existing airline companies. In order to respond, airlines have launched new tactics in order to improve efficiency and reduce internalRead MoreHuman Relations, Employee Retention And Organizational Culture1687 Words   |  7 Pagesvarious social realities and phenomena of which his social world is besotted or by which he or she is intrigued (Sarantakos, 2005). This preceding chapter examined through in-depth discourse of extant literature, the nature and relationship between the study variables (human relations, employee retention and organizational culture); with previous research studies closely examined with regards to identifying relationship patterns or attributes; this chapter examines the relative methods and techniquesRead MoreNursing Retention Through Residency Programs971 Words   |  4 PagesNursing Retention through Residency Programs: A Literature Review Shannon G. Stone, MSN, RN, CCRN, SCRN Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center School of Nursing In partial fulfillment of the requirements of NURS6330 Evidence Based Inquiry I Jeannette Crenshaw, DNP, RN, LCCE, FACCE, IBCLC, NEA-BC, FAAN September 27, 2015 Nursing Retention through Residency Programs: A Literature Review A great cause for concern in today’s healthcare system is the shortage of nurses. The shortage

Monday, May 18, 2020

Psychology and Health Issues Program Review - 1743 Words

Psychology and Health Issues Program Review Tonisha Cornish HCA250 September 23, 2012 April Doctor-Smalls Psychology and Health Issues Program Review Over the years, â€Å"the importance of the mental health expert in the management of medically ill individuals has grown with the proliferation of information linking health and behavior†. (Harris amp; Lustman, 1998) Receiving a diagnosis such as Diabetes Mellitus has been linked to psychological disorders that affect the way an individual copes with this disorder. We will identify treatments, controlled and uncontrolled factors, and the approach used by mental health professional to help these patients replace unhealthful behaviors in the midst of emotional distress. With years of†¦show more content†¦You must be smart about the carbs you eat. Not all carbohydrates are the same. They can be simple carbohydrates or complex carbohydrates. Diabetics should focus on incorporating complex carbs with high-fiber because they have a slow release in the blood stream. This action prevents the over production of insulin that is often caused by the consumption of simple carboh ydrates. When complex carbs are incorporated, they provide lasting energy that helps diabetics to stay full longer; therefore there is a gradual release of insulin versus and abrupt release that can result in a hypoglycemic episode. A factor that places individuals at risk for diabetes that cannot be controlled includes a person’s family history, ethnicity, gender, and age. The ‘National Diabetes Fact Sheet’ release in 2007 revealed that 23.6 million adults and children in the United States are afflicted with some kind of diabetes. After analyzing this figure, they determined that 1.6 million people over the age of 20 years and older are newly diagnosed each year. (National Diabetes Fact Sheet, 2007) As we get older our body’s metabolism begins to slow down. A combination of a slower metabolism and decrease in activity add to our body weight by decreasing the amount of energy required to sustain us during inactivity. Because we often maintain the same eating habits, our body uses what it needs then begins to store excess carbs by converting them into fatShow MoreRelatedEssay on Psychology and Health Issues Program Review-Hca/2501224 Words   |  5 PagesPsychology and Health Issues P rogram Review October 7, 2012 HCA/250 Instructor: Catherine Doughty In this final project of the class, we are asked to follow a widespread psychological issue to be chosen from a list of subjects. The overview that was selected was diabetes. An explanation of the health issue overview, education program, and a proposal to improve the program will be explained in the following paragraphs as well as psychology issues, risk factors, and treatments that are associatedRead MoreCollege Degree At The University Of Iowa811 Words   |  4 Pagespersuasion and mental health counseling. After the course, I decided to keep exploring my interests in this field and I was informed that the best major for me would be psychology which later became life-time career goal! At that time, I believed I would be a mental health counselor, so I found an internship in Iowa that was to take care of an individual with severe disabilities by providing physical supports as well as consultation. Last summer, I passed the beginning mental health counselor test andRead MoreThe Florida Association Of School Psychologists1724 Words   |  7 Pagesinfluential organizations in regards to the Florida educational system. A psychologist is a specialist in psychology. The origin of the term psychologist came about 1720. It is considered to be a person trained and educated to perform psychological research, testing, and therapy. To more understand this definition it is imperative to know the definition of the term psychology. The word psychology is of new Latin origin. It is the Science of the mind or of mental states and processes and the scienceRead MoreHow Psychology Can Become A Lifelong Career Essay1079 Words   |  5 PagesI first became interested in psychology while enrolled in a grade eleven introductory course. Learning the basics about human behaviour and mental processes fascinated me, and from there I began to explore the ways psychology could become a lifelong career. Fast-forward seven years and I have witnessed this passion flourish through the completion of my Bachelor of Arts Honours degree in Psychology and my Developmental Services Worker (DSW) Diploma. In addition to my schooling, I have made a consciousRead MoreThe Role Of Art And Mental Health950 Words   |  4 Pagestransition to studying psychology, I bring a unique background and perspective as a psychology student. My interest in Psychology began with my curiosity in the relationship between art and mental health. South Korea, my birthplace, has some of the longest working hours of any country. The people I met while working there often suffered from work-related stress that linked with symptoms of depression and anxiety. However, few were willing to discuss their situation. Due to cultural issues, people are loathRead MoreThe Effects Of Mindfulness Interventions On Health Care Professionals And College Level Students1543 Words   |  7 PagesLiterature Review In the area of health care professionals and college level students, there is evidence supporting increased stress in these populations. While these are very busy lifestyles, it is important for these individuals to engage in self-care techniques to reduce stress, which in turn could increase emotional health, physical health and life satisfaction. Research supports mindfulness practices used with students and healthcare professionals decreases perceived stress, anxiety and increasesRead MorePsychology At The University Of Southern Mississippi939 Words   |  4 PagesWhile studying psychology at the University of Southern Mississippi, I developed an interest in youth psychological health and social well-being. As an avid learner, I subsequently became interested in clinical child research and joined Dr. Christopher T. Barry’s Youth Personality and Behavior (YPB) laboratory as a volunteer research assistant during my sophomore year of college. After learning the dynamics of wo rking in a research laboratory, and taking courses such as adolescent, social, developmentalRead MorePsychology : Psychology And Social Psychology1398 Words   |  6 Pagesanswer in his lifetime. Psychology is a very broad topic in general, and is easily broken down into two main categories: experimental psychology and social psychology. These two categories of psychology can be broken down further into many subcategories such as the following: clinical psychology, forensic psychology, and sports psychology. Both of these broad categories, nevertheless, share the same end goal, which is to understand the human mind and its functions. Psychology defined in the Merriam-WebsterRead MoreSocial Psychology : Psychological Psychology1658 Words   |  7 Pagessocial psychology, what shapes our attitudes, what do they do, and what is the income of a social psychologist? Social psychology is important because people have gone through depression and anxiety. A social psychology can help one recover from the inside pain. Social psychology is a discipline that uses scientific methods to explain how the brain works, feelings and behavior of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined or implied presence of other human beings. Social psychology typicallyRead MoreA Career in Medical Psychology1223 Words   |  5 Pages Psychology is usually a really enormous subject matter. They are a lot of numerous career fields of therapy. Therapy being a scholarly analyze with the brain as well as actions goes towards Historic Greeks. There is also proof of subconscious believed within ancient Egypt. Psychology seemed to be the branch of philosophy until the 1870s, whenever the idea created just as one separate medical discipline. Psychology edges with a few other career fields as well as physiology

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

The Cause of World War I Essay - 740 Words

The Cause of World War I There is not just one reason alone why the WWI started, one moment two countries would be fighting and then straight after another country could be fighting. Europe was pretty much at each others throats from 1871 until the war started in 1914. The many long term causes were building lots of tension between the complex alliances and eventually the tension would grow so big and would only need one thing to spark off a world war. In this essay I will discuss the main long and short term causes of The Great War and what effect they had. The Triple Alliance and Triple Entente First of all, the main powers in Europe were Great Britain, France, Germany,†¦show more content†¦This was called The Scramble for Colonies and it caused disputes and tension which could soon turn into a short term cause and spark war. The Anglo-German Naval Race As Great Britain was an island it needed a large navy and only a small army, this they had. Britains navy was the strongest navy about and had been for a very long time. Britain based the strength of her navy on the Two Power Standard. This meant that Britains navy could battle and defeat any two navies in the world! On the other hand Germany wanted an empire as large as Frances or Britains so they needed to expand their trade, mainly because of expansion in war and military, and as most of her trade was done over seas she needed a large navy to protect her ships while they were travelling from country to country. With Germanys only coast being next to Britain she would need a navy as strong as The Royal Navy, if not it would be easy for Britain to trap Germany and stop all their trade causing major problems! As the naval race started both countries started to produce battleships faster than ever and Germany was sure Great Britain would not be able to keep up. But this was wrong b ecause the cost of creating these battleships for Britain was much less of there total income than in other countries. In 1906 HMS Dreadnought was launched. This was a new fastShow MoreRelatedThe Cause Of World War I966 Words   |  4 Pages World War I is known today as one of America’s worst wars in history, due to the facts because it was the First World War and well over eight million people died. World War I was between the countries of Germany, United States, Russia, France, and among many others. There are many causes of World War I, both immediate and underlying causes. Immediate causes meaning a specific short-term occurrence that is directly related to the event and essentially what created the event. The immediate cause ofRead MoreThe Causes of World War I674 Words   |  3 PagesThe Causes of World War I World War I has several causes, including four decades of conflict which led up to its actual beginning (McMeekin, 2011). Alliances between countries, nationalism, military structures and imperialism all played significant roles in the conflict, but there were more immediate origins that were also important when it came down to the decision to go to war (Barnes, 1929). During the crisis of 1914 there were decisions made and actions taken by generals and statesmen, includingRead MoreThe Causes of World War I1090 Words   |  5 Pagesterrifying wars in history broke out. One by one, starting with Germany, the nations of Europe picked up their weapons and entered a four-year period of annihilation and destruction. Germany was by all means responsible for the conditions that led to the outbreak of World War I due to their hunger for sovereignty which crippled the balance of power in Europe, their unconditional support for Austria, and the German war plan which transformed what should h ave been a local war into a horrendous world war.Read MoreThe Causes Of World War I1171 Words   |  5 PagesA Historical Analysis of the Causes of World War I (187)The initial causes of World War I can be defined through the problematic issues of late British Imperialism during the Boxer rebellion in 1900. Many Chinese citizens had become rebellious to German imperialism, which allowed Kaiser Wilhelm II to send the German East Asia Squadron to quell the uprising. This action forced the Great Powers, such as Great Britain and Russia, to also send troops to stop the rebellion. Due to the rising power ofRead MoreCauses of World War I Essay1167 Words   |  5 Pagesevents happens to be World War I, which was evoked by many different causes. The most significant and immediate causes of this catastrophe was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie. Numerous nations were involved in this war, and two examples of opposing forces are Germany and Russia. World War I was resolved to an extent with the Treaty of Versailles, but it was not entirely settled. This is clear because World War II was a result of World War I. The assassinationRead More The Causes of World War I Essay1065 Words   |  5 PagesThe Causes of World War I World War I was the result of certain countries aggression towards others and by the rising nationalism of the European nations. Economic and imperial competition and fear of war triggered military alliances and an arms race, which further escalated the tension contributing to the outbreak of war. At the settlement of the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the idea of nationalism was ignored to preserve the peace. Germany and Italy were dividedRead MoreEssay on The Causes of World War I860 Words   |  4 PagesThe Causes of World War I It has been suggested that naval rivalry was the main cause of World War One because, this was one of the most significant causes of tension between some of the most powerful countries in Europe. I strongly agree that this contributed to World War One but there are also several other factors that have to be considered such as the Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the First Moroccan Crisis, the Second Moroccan Crisis, the Balkan WarsRead MoreThe Underlying Cause Of World War I1436 Words   |  6 Pages Yuri Nazaire 3A- Honors Global Studies MR:Binns 05-27-16 What were the underlying causes of World War I- Research paper World War I, also known as the first World War, or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe the began on the 28th of July 1914 and lasted until the 11th of November 1918. World War I was a war that was fought between two sides with a few of the World’s greatest Nations of that time. The two sides were Triple Entente which included Britain, France, and RussiaRead MoreNationalism As A Cause Of World War I1477 Words   |  6 PagesNationalism as a Cause of World War I Matthew Moore Ms. Beck Honors World Cultures Period 3 19 May 2017 Nationalism entails the people of a nation â€Å"exalting one nation above all others and placing primary emphasis on promotion of its culture and interests as opposed to those of other nations or supranational groups.† The concept of nationalism, essentially an extremist’s angle to patriotism, fueled the actions of many countries heading into World War I. Before the war, nationalism hadRead More Cause of World War I Essay575 Words   |  3 Pages WWI Causes World War I, a war that started out locally in Europe between Austria-Hungary and Serbia that later ended up including thirty two different nations. This war has been around for almost a century and yet the causes of it are still being debated. There are many different scenarios that have been considered. Some of the key reasons that were believed to have instigated WWI were nationalism, imperialism, militarism, and an arrangement of treaties. Also the assassination of Archduke Franz

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Evolution of Bullying Over the Years - 882 Words

It is safe to say that everyone has encountered some form of bullying in their lifetime whether they want to admit it or not. It happens to everyone, but to some people it is a regular thing. Bullying has evolved over the years, twenty years ago, the bully would have been the much bigger kids in school, physically bullying a smaller kid. They would even team up to where it was multiple bullies against one kid. While doing my research one thing that kept coming up was that, during the age of â€Å"traditional bullying†, when the victim would stand up to the bully, the bully would start to change their behavior. To be honest I think that is a thing of the past. As technology has advanced and we start to get more and more social media websites such as: Facebook; twitter; or YouTube, we also get what we now know as â€Å"cyberbullying†. According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, cyberbullying is the electronic posting of mean-spirited messages about a person (as a student) of ten done anonymously (Cyberbullying†). With that being said, cyberbullying can be harsher than traditional bullying, not physically but mentally. Students in today’s society take things others say to heart. If they get called a name they don’t like they will get down in the dumps. But the thing about cyberbullying is, one person can type it up online for everyone to see, then all of those people could possibly make fun of the victim at school. So then we have one initial bully and then a ton of kids â€Å"backing up† thatShow MoreRelatedHow Technology Has Changed Our Society1297 Words   |  6 Pagesand the evolution of human beings will tell us that we as a species have always determined power and control based on physical attributes. Charles Darwin demonstrated a theory of our evolution called â€Å"The Survival of the Fittest†, also called â€Å"The Natural Selection†, in which an animal that was equipped with the best physical attribute for that particular environment would be able to survive the conditions and pass on that physical advantage onto their off spring (O’Neil 1998). Evolution was basedRead MorePersuasive Essay On Bullying1011 Words   |  5 PagesBullying, bullying has been around for a long time. Bullying has been in America since the country’s founding. Created from a competitive environment, bullying has remained a relevant issue throughout the years. Cyberbullying, has allowed the problem to expand, the thought to survive is an instinct and is common among all humans. Survival is associated with competition due to the large amount of species and limited resources on the planet. Since the dawn of time there has been a constant thoughtRead MoreEssay on Who is Responsible for Preventing Bullying in Schools?1225 Words   |  5 PagesAlthough forty-seven states in the United States have passed legislations against bullying in schools, many Americans agree that these legislations have not made meaningful contributions to solving the problem. In an effort to provide effective solutions to stop bullying in schools, many people point fingers. Some individuals rightfully claim that students who are bullied at school are denied their right to equal protection under the fourteenth amendment. Some others make a compelling argument thatRead MoreModern Day Bullying And Its Effect On Education1415 Words   |  6 Pages Modern Day Bullying and Its Effect on Education Dominique Rollins Catawba College â€Æ' Modern Day Bullying and Its Effect on Education The current definition of a â€Å"bully,† is listed as â€Å"a blustering browbeating person; especially: one habitually cruel to others who are weaker,† (Merriam-Webster, n.d.). Over the past 15 years, the term â€Å"bullying† has changed from a word that describes what was once perceived as children and teenagers making and playing harmless jokes and pranks on each otherRead MoreDangers of Cell Phones Essay1136 Words   |  5 PagesPeople out for a fun night together and everyone looking down at their phones. Everyone shooting texts, updating social media and answering calls. Cell phones have truly changed the way how people connect to other people. Thirty years ago you would have to walk up to the cute guy at the bar, but with modern technology you can just shoot him a text instead. When many people think of the dangers of cell phones they think of all the accidents that they cause by distracted drivers. Many people don’tRead MorePersuasive Essay On B ullying1259 Words   |  6 PagesThroughout my childhood, I was bullied. This bullying left physical and mental scars, as well as me lacking self-confidence. Whenever I attempted to defend myself or tell someone of the situation, it never worked. Either I would get bullied more by both students and teachers, or be ignored completely. This is when my father grew tired of me coming home sad and injured, he consulted the school, but they suggested settling it out with the bully’s parents. This resulted in my father meeting the parentsRead MoreSocial Medi Evolution Or A Step Back1697 Words   |  7 PagesSocial Media: Evolution or A Step Back In a century where we are living in the future, it can be easy to leave things in the past. Techniques of communication have been altered and now technology presents ways to talk to people around the world. People have access to unlimited resources and everyday society is advancing; or is it? Face-to-face communication is the foundation of our societies and what has brought people together since the beginning of time. Something that has been so crucial in theRead MoreTechnology s Progression And The Advancement Of Human Societies1486 Words   |  6 Pagesmany fields, they have also allowed forms of transgression to become more rampant and widespread. This is evident when considering how traditional bullying has evolved into an issue today known as cyberbullying. While bullying and cyberbullying are often similar in terms of form and technique they also have many differences. Unlike traditional bullying, cyberbullying allows the offender to mask his or her identity behind a computer. This anonymity makes it easier for the offender to strike blows againstRead MoreThe Effects Of Social Media On Teenagers1379 Words   |  6 Pagesyour life? If not, it certainly has had an impact on the teenagers of America today. Social media has been around for a long time. There are many applications for social media, some of which are Twitter, MySpace, and Facebook. With the rapid evolution of social media, people believe that social media is impacting teenagers in a negative way. However, some believe that there are positive effects. The negative effects of social media on teenagers include poor student performance, lack of sleepRead MoreVideo Game Violence: Therapeutic Outlet or Perpetuating Violence?1418 Words   |  6 PagesAre video games better than reality? This is a hard question with various and diverse answers. It is something that people from just about all walks of life have an opinion about. Through the use of a media presentation, he showed the diverse evolution of games; how since 2008, they started to become more rea listic despite the fantasy storylines and worlds. Even in our world, video games have found a way to make things more realistic from the comfort of your home and television. Video games

Addressing Psychopathology Issues through Popular Film Free Essays

string(83) " Even his relationship with Charles \(his imaginary roommate\) was quite harmless\." There is a great deal of ways to teach school subjects. The restrictive curriculum of the past era focused on using clinical cases and accounts written in books. This method has been effective for that period alone because the students were reared following that kind of convention—they were acquainted with books and with reading in general. We will write a custom essay sample on Addressing Psychopathology Issues through Popular Film or any similar topic only for you Order Now Therefore, the teaching method will be effective because the students are used to it. But now, there are newer, better methods that can be incorporated into teaching to make it more effective. With the introduction of technological advancements such as the television, computer and the internet, the society was gradually caught up in a paradigm shift and was transformed into visual learners. The visual-learners of today have to be taught in a way that they would appreciate because going against how they were reared by society will only lead to pointless interaction with them. And what better way than to use the advent of technology—film viewing of related movies with supplementary discussions right after the film was viewed (for clarification of issues). Although it is a very helpful medium to make students of psychology and psychiatry (or even people not associated with these particular subject areas) learn and appreciate certain concepts, the movie as a medium of teaching also poses detriments for the viewers. As we all know, the movie is still based on the concept of the director as a creative person. Therefore, even if it is a biographical account, still the director can and will introduce his interpretations to a certain extent. That is why instructors of different courses must be wary in leaving the students to interpret the movie themselves. Detailed discussion of what the students learned in the film must follow right after the film showing. For the purpose of discussing the contents and messages of the movie entitled A Beautiful Mind, this paper will be divided into several sections—each one focusing on particular topics such as the DSM-IV diagnosis of John Nash, the positive and negative messages about schizophrenia which was communicated in the film, and a criticism on the good points and short comings of the film in general. The DSM-IV Diagnosis of John Nash This section will further make people understand how a neurosis-afflicted person is diagnosed. The DSM-IV, or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (fourth edition), is a concise report on the psychological health of a person. Using the five axes, a person can now have a summary of his psychological make-up which will be the basis for treatments and medical interventions that should be administered to the patient. One reason why this type of summary report is done is to make an easy reference for each patient with a psychosocial disturbance. Neurosis is a complex state and there are many factors that may cause it so having a summarized report of the findings will make it easier for psychiatrists to refer to the patient’s history. If we are to make a DSM-IV diagnosis for Dr. John Nash Jr. , his diagnosis will be similar to the information that is written below: Axis I 295. 30 Schizophrenia, Paranoid Type Axis II 301. 0 Paranoid Personality Disorder Axis III Occupation-related paranoia (after lending his services of code breaking) Axis IV Occupational Difficulties (inability to get along with the people around him) V71. 01 Adult Antisocial Behavior Axis V 61 The first axis discusses what kind of mental disturbance the patient experiences while the second axis is about the personality disorder that comes into effect because of or along with the disorder in the first axis. The third axis tells how the abnormalities in the first and second axis came about, with the information pertaining to personal experiences or events that might have triggered the psychiatric disorder. Axis IV is about the behavior of the mentally-challenged person and the last axis rates how the mild or severe the patient is at present time. Embedded Messages As for the positive and negative messages portrayed by the film, the film was quite truthful in the way it represented the stigma attached to schizophrenic patients. It can be argued, however, that the film medium might have exaggerated a couple of encounters in John’s life—to achieve the desired cinematic effect—most accounts are genuine. The unsupportive nature around the character (aside from his wife Alicia) was testament to the limited information that people know about mental disorders and how to give complementary treatment to those who are undergoing psychiatric treatment. John Nash had to go through being shamed in front of people because of his hallucinations. It is a normal phenomenon that schizophrenics undergo during the course of their mental disorder. Also, a lot of critics consider the film as something that goes all out motivational for the family of the schizophrenics and the schizophrenics themselves. It may be a good thing to encourage the family members of neurosis-afflicted people (and the patients themselves). But giving false hopes is another thing. It should be remembered that schizophrenia has two different types with Type I schizophrenia (positive symptoms or behavioral excesses) being â€Å"characterized by †¦ hallucinations, delusions, bizarre behavior, and confused thinking† (Rita L. Atkinson, 1999). Type II, on the other hand, is composed of the negative symptoms (behavioral deficits) â€Å"such as poverty of speech, emotional unresponsiveness, seclusiveness, and impaired attention† (Rita L. Atkinson, 1999). In John’s case, it is most likely a combination of the two types of neurosis since he is experiencing hallucinations and emotional unresponsiveness with bouts of paranoia. There is every reason to believe that his case is an extraordinary case of schizophrenia because he was still able to develop his economic theorem based on the concept of equilibrium even with schizophrenia. Nash is most likely afflicted by the first type of neurosis because he is otherwise functioning normally, earlier in his life, when William Parcher (the perceived Department of Defense agent who asked for Nash’ help in breaking Soviet codes). Even his relationship with Charles (his imaginary roommate) was quite harmless. You read "Addressing Psychopathology Issues through Popular Film" in category "Papers" It was only when Parcher came and gave him bouts of paranoia did his psychosis become worse. The Good and the Bad of Psychopathology (As Depicted in the Film) Most movies made by directors not familiar with specialty knowledge such as psychopathology consult experts in the particular field. Somehow, Ron Howard was accurate in describing treatments used for psychosis such as the insulin shock therapy earlier administered to John. Considering that there were very few treatments and an equally few number of substantial clinical studies were made during that time, the treatments used in the film were quite crude. Inducing coma through injecting an overdose of insulin is already an obsolete technique—but in the point of view of the people during that time, this treatment is an effective breakthrough. There was one of scene there that depicted accurately what effects psychiatric drugs can implicate on the patient: while John was baffled with a mathematical problem, he told Sol that â€Å"it’s difficult with medication because it’s hard to see the solution† (Howard, 2001). Obviously, John knows that his senses and his mental ability is being hindered by the drug. At that time, there was a prevailing belief that psychosis can only be cured by taking the prescribed medication and in-hospital treatments. However, the psychiatrists are undermining the negative effects of taking such treatments. The set-backs are often shoved under the rug while the benefits (and the possibility of being cured) are being emphasized over again. John and Alicia felt that the medications are already affecting their lives. One of the side-effects of the medication is John’s erectile dysfunction. There was one scene where john and Alicia are already in bed. Alicia tries to kiss him while caressing his body but John turns away with an obvious apprehension about his inability to satisfy his wife sexually. Aside from this, the treatments that were given to John resulted to psychomotor difficulties like uneven walking posture and trembling of hands. Identifying the Scene The camera men and scriptwriters were able to deliver a wonderful movie because of how the scenes were shot for a purpose. The deception was fulfilled right from the beginning and was later unfolded in the middle part of the story. The first day John arrived at Princeton, he went to his room to fix his things. And while he was doing that, a stranger suddenly barged into his room and introduced himself as Charles, his new roommate. Apparently, the audience was deceived that Charles was indeed a real person in the story. It even casted doubt upon Dr. Rosen’s evaluation that John was schizophrenic (since John was talking about his best friend Charles all the time). Once scene which established the fact that John was having psychiatric problems was when Dr. Rosen was talking to Alicia and he said to her that he phoned Princeton and that records showed John was living all alone in his room. Another scene that made John realize that he is simply hallucinating and that he does need some medical attention is the scene where he accidently hit Alicia (while supposedly arguing with Parcher). When he saw Alicia fleeing the house, there were flashbacks of Marcee’s face when he first saw her. John repeatedly had images of Marcee and Charles running on his head which led him to conclude that there was something wrong with the things he is seeing. Later on, it became obvious that Charles, together with his niece Marcee, were indeed hallucinations for they never got older as years pass by. Also, in the scene described above, the director wants to point out that John is able to think rationally even without taking the prescribed medications. Looking at it in another perspective, there might be an embedded message that the medications might even be the one that was hindering John’s recovery from his neurosis. It was supposed to have a negative effect, as said by Dr. Rosen, on John but after he stopped taking the psychiatric drugs (shown in the scene where Alicia gave him two pink pills and a glass of water), he was able to think better and act more normally than when he was taking the meds. Conclusion While it may not be 100% accurate in depicting what really happens with schizophrenic patients. Such is the case when Alicia was portrayed in the film as a selfless and outstanding wife and mother. But in fact, Alicia divorced him in real life (Rosenstock, 2003). Nevertheless, there is an inherent need to make the film marketable to the masses so it has to end up in a rather positive note. Films such as this can be used to discuss the issues involving psychiatric disorders. As the author has stated above, it is important that the professors today be able to understand how their students want to learn. In order to maximize the effort in teaching, the professor must introduce the concepts in a medium that will be best appreciated by the students—and viewing films are in fact a very concise way (less than two hours) to discuss the disorder and its implication to the patient and his immediate social circles. Nevertheless, while watching films are convenient, the learning process must not end after the film credits were shown. The professor must take a proactive stance in discussing after the film was viewed in order to correct any misconceptions that might have been depicted in a film that was viewed. The instructors of the course or subject must not fully rely on what the director showed in the movie. After all, films are still partly the product of creative minds. Bibliography Howard, R. (Director). (2001). A Beautiful Mind [Motion Picture]. Rita L. Atkinson, e. a. (1999). Hilgard’s Introduction to Psychology. Pennsylvania: Harcourt College Publishers. Rosenstock, J. (2003). Beyond A Beautiful Mind: Film Choices for Teaching Schizophrenia. Academic Psychiatry , 117-122. Willingham, T. (2008, January 11). Using Film in Education. Retrieved July 14, 2010, from Suite101. com: http://curriculalessons. suite101. com/article. cfm/movie_schooling How to cite Addressing Psychopathology Issues through Popular Film, Papers

Cheating in Exams free essay sample

One day I had an exam and I shocked when I saw my best friend cheat and I start wondering why she did that despite she was smart and hard work, people especially student cheat in all stages (young or adults) nevertheless they know that cheating is wrong and bad behavior even in Islam as a Muslims cheating is prohibited as prophet Mohammed said who cheat us is not of us there are many reasons why students cheat in exams. First reason for cheating is student always want to get high marks, they think they cant do well on the test, either they are not smart enough, or they lack some skills they need such as strong concentration or Promptitude or speed of conservation . It creates a feeling that they will fail, and their only option to do well is to cheat to avoid embarrassment and saving face from the angry assault of teachers or parents or ether friends finally they want to ensures the achievement of dreams and future plans such as enter the college or to get a good job and high position. We will write a custom essay sample on Cheating in Exams or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Second reason for cheating is student depends and relies on others, they don’t want to take responsibility and make an effort in addition they dont take their studies seriously they are too lazy, Nowadays most of student care about playing and having fun by going out a lot with friend even in home they interesting in technology and stoical media like twitter or Facebook some of them like watching TV long hours. All of These reasons lead to a lack of control and spend time usefully, therefore parents should teach their children self-reliance and tell them that knowledge is the light that shines through the darkness of ignorance. Third reason for cheating is student parents put too much pressure on them, but in fact this is wrong strategy, it affect negatively on their personality and academic performance so instead of use threats they can stimulated third children if they don’t student will start think that cheating is fastest way to success and search of many ways to cheat ,in fact there are many strategies to cheat, one way is to write the information in small pieces and hid it in the body, another way is cheating by using modern technology such as mobile phone or mb3 player by recording themselves at home speaking. Psychologists and sociologists have applied theories of deviant behavior in order to understand cheating, cheating is no longer deviant behavior, it is now normal behavior beast on that there are many reasons why student cheat during the exams student want to get high Grades and good career in future also they don’t want to take responsibility and study hard the last reason is students feel too much pressure it makes them feel afraid of making mistakes, ultimately we must stop cheating and make the effort to succeed and realize that life is lessons and we Learn from them. .